Several key programs and activities are centrally managed in Rome, including international civilian staff recruitment, troop rotations, accounting and external audits, participation and donor agreements and related financial arrangements, litigation and claims, and commercial insurance. The Headquarters staff supports the Director General in his responsibility for direction of the MFO and for determining the MFO's policies, programs and budgets.
Staffed by experienced local and international staff, the office also procures a wide variety of goods and services in the Egyptian marketplace to meet the MFO's needs and to keep the Force in the Sinai supplied. It manages the necessary associated transportation, warehousing, banking, and financial disbursements, and it also assists with MFO personnel and goods movements through Cairo.
The office supports the Force in procurement, shipping and transportation, liaison, personnel movements and disbursements. The office also provides other significant services such as dealing with press interest in the MFO and coordinating with customs, police, airport and other authorities on routine, day-to-day business.
The Force includes a civilian component, the Civilian Observer Unit, which is charged with performing the Force’s Treaty monitoring activities. The Force also employs international Direct Hire Civilians and Egyptian national Contract Hire Civilians who provide technical assistance in all branch areas, as well as the expatriate and Egyptian national personnel furnished by our support services contractor, HNSI and its sub-contractor, Care Services.
The Force maintains two base camps, North Camp near El Gorah and South Camp in Sharm el Sheikh, and operates 25 remote sites spread over 400 kilometers in the Sinai. The 25 remote sites consist of 12 CPs, 12 OPs, and one Temporary Observation Posts manned 24 hours a day. These static sites are supplemented by additional Temporary Observation Posts staffed during daylight hours and Mobile Observation Teams.
In addition to maintaining coverage of Zone C, Force units conduct regular training in the military skills essential to operational effectiveness, including joint and combined training to improve inter-operability.
The Force Commander is ably supported by a Headquarters Staff made up of officers and non-commissioned officers from all the troop-contributing nations as well as Direct Hire Civilians. The MFO Chief of Staff, a U.S. Colonel, also heads Task Force Sinai, the internal U.S. headquarters organized to provide command and control to all U.S. soldiers assigned to the MFO. The Operations, Liaison and Support branches are headed by colonels respectively from Norway, Canada and the United States.
The MFO Chief of Staff has as his assistant a Lieutenant Colonel from the Czech Republic who is also the Czech Contingent Commander. Staffs are fully integrated and consist of members from twelve contingents and civilians from a number of countries. These dedicated staff sections operate 24 hours per day, seven days a week, 365 days a year.
Currently, half of its members are seconded from the U.S. Department of State, including its Chief, a senior Foreign Service Officer, who is also the Force Commander’s regional political advisor. The other half are retired U.S. military personnel recruited directly by the MFO. This military-diplomatic combination has proven to be the right mix of skills for a professional verification team.
Quite separate from the observation carried out in Zone C by the three infantry battalions of the Force, only the COU performs regular observation and verification missions throughout all four zones of the Treaty area in Egypt and Israel. The purpose of the missions is to verify implementation of Peace Treaty and Border Guard Force Agreed Arrangement limitations on military personnel, armaments and infrastructure. Such missions are carried out not less than twice a month, and the cycle includes prior reconnaissance flights to prepare observers for their missions. As set out in the Treaty Protocol, observers must also be prepared to undertake additional verifications within forty-eight hours of a request from either Party.
A typical verification mission lasts from two to four days and involves the use of MFO vehicles and helicopters to move the teams of observers throughout the four zones. On missions involving Zones A, B, and C in Egypt, the observers are accompanied by Egyptian Army liaison officers, while in Zone D in Israel they are joined by Israeli liaison officers. In the course of a complete cycle of missions, the observers cover all the Egyptian and Israeli installations in the four zones.
A fourth patrol ship is part of a rotational cycle of deployment to bring one vessel back to La Spezia, Italy for periodic maintenance. The four patrol ships currently placed at the MFO's disposal by the Italian Marina Militare are the ITS Esploratore, ITS Staffetta, ITS Sentinella and ITS Vedetta.
The Chief of Operations, a Norwegian Colonel who is also the Norwegian Contingent Commander, is supported in this mission by a Deputy Chief of Operations for Operations, a Lieutenant Colonel from Australia who is also the Australian Contingent Commander, and a Deputy Chief of Operations for Planning, a Lieutenant Colonel from New Zealand who is also the New Zealand Contingent Commander. The Operations Team consists of service personnel from eleven of the twelve participating nations.
The Liaison system consists of the Egyptian Liaison Agency with International Organizations (LAWIO) and the Israel Defense Force Strategic Division (IDFSD), supported by the MFO and its Liaison Branch which works in close cooperation with them to fulfill these Treaty responsibilities and strengthen communication and coordination and promote confidence-building.
The Liaison Branch consists of a Command Element with Liaison Officers at North Camp, a team of Liaison Officers and staff at South Camp and a constant liaison presence at Taba/Eilat. The branch is made up of officers and soldiers from nine of the twelve participating nations in addition to a small civilian cadre. In most cases, the Force Field Liaison Officers have served previously in various peacekeeping missions worldwide. The knowledge and experience of the Liaison Branch, together with the dedication, cooperation and professionalism of their colleagues within LAWIO and IDFSD, have been essential to the success of the Liaison System.
Of fundamental importance are frequent personal contacts and reliable communications. There is considerable interaction between the MFO and the Parties: the Director General and both Director General’s Representatives are in contact with senior diplomats and military officials; the Force Commander is in regular contact with the Chief of LAWIO and the Head of the IDFSD; the MFO’s Chief of Liaison is in frequent contact with his counterparts in both Liaison systems; and the Force Field Liaison Officers are in daily contact with their counterparts located at Rafah, Re’im, Taba, Eilat and Sharm el Sheikh.
The team includes members of the U.S. Army Task Force Sinai and 1st U.S. Army Support Battalion soldiers, drivers from the Uruguayan Transportation and Engineering Unit and the New Zealand contingent, Canadian military, Direct Hire and Contract Hire Civilians, plus the expatriate and Egyptian national personnel furnished by our support services contractor, HNSI, in conjunction with their sub-contractor, Care Services. DGR offices in Cairo and Israel provide assistance in their respective markets with procurement, customs, transportation, disbursement, and other logistics services.
The personnel and services team is a multinational group of individuals comprised of military, expatriate civilians and Egyptian nationals. The Chief of Personnel and Services (CPS) is a Direct Hire Civilian who manages all personnel and morale support programs.
The CPS, along with a U.S. Army Deputy and a Civilian Personnel Manager (CPM), provides administrative oversight of civilian employment processes. The CPS and her staff are responsible for the day to day administration of 70 Direct Hire Civilians (twenty of whom staff the COU) and 38 Contract Hire Civilians.
For Direct Hire Civilians this includes the administration of housing, driver training, mentoring, contract evaluation, the provision of security briefings/updates and maintaining contact information and whereabouts when not on camp. For Contract Hire Civilians it includes the administration of attendance, contracts and entitlements. Force Direct Hire Civilians are recruited from locations worldwide and currently represent eight different nationalities.
The Contract Hire Civilian workforce is recruited within Egypt, with the assistance of the Director General's Representative's office in Cairo, and provides technical expertise in the areas of finance, logistics, engineering, retail, library and communications and information systems.
ICT provides, manages, repairs and oversees: the wide and local area networks; telecommunications and satellite services; operational VHF, HF, and UHF radios including flight following radio/repeaters for helicopter communications; and a network of distributed servers, MFO-owned personal computers, printers, and scanners.
ICT also supports television, radio, and theater programs. The ICT branch, headed by a civilian Chief, is composed of Direct Hire Civilians, Contract Hire Civilians, Care Services employees and military personnel from the United States, the Republic of the Fiji Islands, Canada, and Australia.
This staff of 33 is reinforced by a network of outsourced contractors who provide support in areas as diverse as server maintenance, wireless internet access, private branch exchange (PBX) - a telephone exchange that serves a particular office - and Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) technology. Each MFO office has outsourced support, which works hand-in-hand with the ICT Branch to maintain communications and connectivity at its respective location.
This is achieved by devolving budgetary authority to a number of budget line managers (BLMs), both military and civilian, usually technical specialists in particular categories of expense. The MFO’s SAP ERP system is used to provide the FFO and BLMs with real-time, organization-wide logistics and financial data, enabling them to accurately manage their budgets in concert with the Director General’s multi-year financial strategy, as agreed with the three Funds Contributing States (Egypt, Israel and the United States).
Under the leadership of the Force Financial Controller -- a Direct Hire Civilian, with a staff that includes another Direct Hire Civilian, one Contract Hire Civilian and three Egyptian nationals -- the FFO also provides the Force and Force members with a full range of finance office facilities.
The Unit provides the MFO with crime prevention and investigatory expertise, carries out security checks and inspections at designated points, manages traffic on both camps, maintains records and reports of all investigations and provides escorts for visitors, MFO-contracted buses and ammunition deliveries. FMPU stations are manned 24 hours a day at both camps.
In addition, the FSO conducts site inspections quarterly throughout Zone C to ensure vehicle, occupational, environmental, and fire safety standards are met. This allows the FSO to enforce safety standards throughout the area of operations as well as to educate Force staff on these standards and to track trends. The FSO utilizes standardized inspection sheets to grade the fire, environmental and occupational safety of each remote site and site inspection teams verify work orders submitted to the Force Engineer Office. The results of these inspections inform leaders, units, and the Force Commander of deficient areas and recommend corrective measures when required.
This task is undertaken by the Training Section: a Canadian Major; an Australian Warrant Officer; and the New Zealand Training and Advisory Team, which consists of one officer and seven senior non-commissioned officers. The Training Team is responsible for planning and conducting courses, based on MFO standard operating procedures and equipment, to prepare MFO personnel to fulfill their mission. The Training Section also conducts Operational Readiness Checks and no-notice inspections of remote sites, as well as command and control of the annual Force Driving and Force Skills competitions.
The detachment’s MFO mission includes: educating personnel about the types of UXO and explosives hazards they may encounter in the Sinai; conducting verifications of known hazard areas to determine location, quantity, and type of explosive contamination; and ensuring that accurate hazard area maps are available.
The competitive procurement process, transportation to the camps of goods sourced in Egypt, receiving and warehousing, inventory management and on-camp distribution are managed by our civilian professionals. Commercial, logistics and finance functions rely on our SAP Enterprise Resource Planning system. Orders for goods and services are placed through the two Director General's Representatives' offices or directly with local Sinai firms.
The system is closely watched, from requisition to issuance of goods, to comply with MFO directives. All goods and services required to support the Force flow through the Supply and Procurement office. On average, annual goods management and movement include: procuring, receiving, and issuing in excess of 4,000 metric tons of food and water; supplying over four million liters of fuel (aviation, diesel and benzene); and receiving and processing over 5,000 metric tons of spare parts, general supplies, construction materials, ICT equipment and aviation spare parts.
More frequent checks are carried out for equipment used on remote sites. The section is also the central repository for equipment that has exceeded it useful life and stores it prior to being sold as scrap. The section plays a key role in accounting for MFO purchased equipment. It ensures that auditable records of inventory holder, equipment location and cost are available and investigates any losses or discrepancies.
The Engineering Section is made up of 28 staff members – Direct Hire Civilians from the U.S. and the United Kingdom, Contract Hire Civilians from Egypt and military personnel from Canada, the Czech Republic, the Republic of the Fiji Islands, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, the United States and Uruguay – and is further supported by HNSI expatriate and Care Services contractor personnel.
The FEO mandate includes responsibilities for water filtration and treatment, waste removal, electrical power supply, physical works relating to force protection, the maintenance and repair of all buildings and fixed equipment, electrical and facilities safety, fire protection and prevention, and unpaved road maintenance.
The FTO plans and coordinates air and sea movements for equipment rotating through the MFO; daily re-supply missions for all classes of supply to remote sites; passenger travel (official and personal); and receipt, delivery and shipment of unaccompanied baggage. The FTO is the technical representative for two MFO contracts: one that provides an on-camp travel agency and another that provides commercial bus services connecting the MFO’s two camps and both camps with Cairo.
The section reports on the contractor’s food storage and preparation procedures and develops control systems to ensure a high standard of meals and food service for the Force. Emphasis is always placed on obtaining the best value for each food dollar spent. Food Services staff also visit our remote sites each month to promote proper inventory management, storage and food preparation procedures.
The MFO's Support Services Contractor, HNSI, together with its sub-contractor, Care Services, provides the MFO with food services that include ration support to remote site kitchens, short-term food storage and preparation of all meals for a multicultural population of diners at the dining facilities in both camps. On average HNSI provides around 3,500 meals per day and maintains an excellent level of diner satisfaction.
Technical repairs are normally performed by HNSI and Care Services employees. The total fleet, including a wide range of non-powered trailers, heavy earthmoving machinery and small utility equipment, numbers around 500 pieces. Full service workshops operate at each camp to perform scheduled maintenance, repairs and, when needed, post-accident rebuilding.
The Postal Section administers the constant flow of mail and parcels to and from the Force. Trips are made to the main Tel Aviv post office Sunday to Thursday, except for holidays. Additionally, courier service is provided between the Force in the Sinai and the Director General's Representative's Office in Israel.
This includes planning and budgeting for lifecycle replacement of the same equipment and software to ensure that the MFO network and attached devices are positioned properly to support MFO operations.
In addition, the Force Information System section is responsible for supporting the MFO network of line-of-sight radio links that connect remote sites across Zone C in the Sinai via high-speed data links back to MFO camps as well as maintaining the data communications cabling on both camps and on remote sites.
Additionally, the Force Communications and Electronics Maintenance section is responsible for maintenance of the Force telephone networks by maintaining central phone switches on both camps as well as the cabling networks and end telephone sets. The Force Communications and Electronics Maintenance section also oversees the Force mobile and satellite phone programs to support Force activities.
They coordinate with the Force Information Systems and Force Communications and Electronics Maintenance sections for functional requirements for equipment located at the sites for which they are responsible. In addition, the South Camp ICT section is led by the Chief, ICT Representative – South Camp who is the authorized ICT representative to liaise with USBATT and Coastal Patrol Unit senior leadership and staff on ICT issues.
It has responsibility for five Checkpoints, four Observation Posts, two Temporary Observation Posts – emplaced in MFO FY 06 with Dutch Government financial support for the Border Guard Force mission – manned 24 hours a day and other Temporary Observation Posts manned during the hours of daylight. In addition, FIJIBATT provides escort and patrols within and outside its sector and also maintains a Quick Reaction Force at North Camp to react to emergency situations occurring within their area of operations.
The majority of the Aviation Company, EOD Detachment and selected Medical positions are manned by U.S. Army active duty soldiers. The Fixed Wing Aviation Unit, under the Aviation Company, is manned by six Army National Guard soldiers. An additional, 88 soldiers – the Support Battalion Commander, primary staff, and medical, personnel, postal and supply specialists – are provided by the National Guard.
The FWAU conducts:
The unit’s split-based operations at North Camp and South Camp provide general aviation support for the MFO which includes: COU reconnaissance and verification flights; command and control flights; visitor transportation; medical evacuations; search and rescue; duty investigator missions; security reconnaissance; site surveys; resupply of remote sites; and orientation flights.
Each year, the FTO coordinates the movement of 100 inbound and outbound group rotations, comprising over 4,500 MFO personnel. The Rotations section works closely with Liaison staff in both Director General's Representatives offices and with the Force Military Police Unit to ensure that troop and equipment movements are efficient and in compliance with host nation requirements.
Driving missions are conducted by the Uruguayan Transportation and Engineering Unit and by drivers from the New Zealand transportation detachment. On average, there are 120 re-supply missions per week from North Camp and South Camp combined. This includes the delivery of water and fuel.
The FPMS also monitors the occupational and environmental health of the Force to ensure all personnel are fit and mission-capable. FPMS conducts monthly visits to all remote sites as well. The Section works proactively to maintain and improve the living conditions throughout the Force while monitoring for environmental changes.
Additionally, the ICT Service Desk is responsible for proactive monitoring and detection of faults across all MFO network nodes and equipment during normal business hours. Lastly, the ICT Service Desk performs required quality assurance checks on maintenance activities conducted by the ICT Branch to validate customer satisfaction and adherence to applicable standards.
In addition, the Force Communications Center acts as the Force telephone operator and provides telephone directory assistance for all Force members and external callers. Lastly, the Force Communications Center is responsible for the proactive monitoring and detection of faults across all MFO network nodes and equipment outside of normal business hours and tasking on-call ICT maintenance support in the case of key ICT events.
The detachment’s MFO mission includes: educating personnel about the types of UXO and explosives hazards they may encounter in the Sinai; conducting verifications of known hazard areas to determine location, quantity, and type of explosive contamination; and ensuring that accurate hazard area maps are available. The detachment maintains a main office on North Camp and a satellite office at South Camp. A member of the EOD also participates on the Emergency Reaction Team and, as needed, with the Operation Center’s Incident Management Team.
The AVSM office is responsible for overseeing the rotary-wing budget, managing critical items, and expediting aviation part repair shipments. The company maintains a main office on North Camp as well as a satellite office at South Camp.
Since June 2010, in addition to the Rotary-Wing Aviation Unit, the Aviation Company has contributed aircraft to the the Fixed-Wing Aviation Unit. Currently, this consists of one C-12 Huron aircraft, three pilots and two maintenance engineers.