The Treaty of Peace provided quite specific but nonetheless complex limitations on the levels of both Egyptian and Israeli military forces in the four Zones. The mission of the peacekeeping force would be to observe and verify compliance with, and to report any violations of, the limitations on military personnel and equipment that are set out in the Treaty of Peace, and to ensure freedom of navigation through the Strait of Tiran at the southern entrance to the Gulf of Aqaba. Moreover, the peacekeepers would be charged with using their best efforts to prevent Treaty violations, to prevent difficulties and to resolve problems. This specified and limited mission would provide a certain degree of clarity in the expectations of the Parties with respect to the role of the organization.
The task of translating the terms of the Treaty of Peace into a working reality, however, was arduous and time consuming. The parties to the negotiations were responsible for laying the foundations for an organizational and administrative structure unlike any of its predecessors in international peacekeeping. The lack of an existing organizational and administrative structure created obvious initial difficulties, but held the promise of innovation in an environment relatively free of the accumulated bureaucratic weight and political complexity of an existing organization.
The new independent, international organization would be funded, in equal parts, by three Funds Contributing States: the two Receiving States (Egypt and Israel) and the United States. This arrangement assured that each of the governments would take an active interest in the operations of the organization. Egyptian and Israeli financial participation could be expected to produce a healthy sense of identification with the organization, while obligating the negotiators to devise methods of ensuring objectivity and independence.
These negotiations between the Treaty Parties, carried out against the backdrop of the phased Israeli withdrawal from the Sinai, culminated on August 3, 1981 with the signing of the Protocol to the Treaty of Peace, establishing the Multinational Force and Observers.