Sinai Region

  • Gulf of Suez Gulf of Aqaba Mediterranean Sea
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    -- Zone A - Security Organization --

    An Egyptian armed force of one mechanized infantry division and its military installations, and field fortifications.
    The main elements of that Division will consist of:
    • Three mechanized infantry brigades.
    • One armored brigade.
    • Seven field artillery battalions including up to 126 artillery pieces.
    • Seven anti-aircraft artillery battalions including individual surface-to-air missiles and up to 126 anti-aircraft guns of 37mm and above.
    • Up to 230 tanks.
    • Up to 480 armored personnel vehicles of all types.
    • Up to a total of 22,000 personnel.

    Aerial Regime

    Flights of combat aircraft and reconnaissance flights of Egypt shall take place only over this Zone. Only unarmed, non-combat aircraft of Egypt will be stationed in the Zone.

    Naval Regime

    Egypt may base and operate naval vessels along the coasts of the Zone.

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    -- Zone B - Security Organization --

    Egyptian border units of four battalions equipped with light weapons and wheeled vehicles will provide security and supplement the civil police in maintaining order in the Zone.  The main element of the four border battalions will consist of up to a total of four thousand personnel.

    Land based, short range, low power coastal warning points of the border patrol units may be established on the coast of this Zone.

    There will be field fortifications and military installations for  the four border battalions.

    Aerial Regime

    Only Egyptian unarmed transport aircraft will take off and land in the Zone an up to eight such aircraft may be maintained there.  The Egyptian border units may be equipped with unarmed helicopters to perform their functions in the Zone.

    Naval Regime

    Egyptian coast guard boats, lightly armed, may be stationed and operate in the territorial waters of Zone B to assist the border units in performing their functions in this Zone.

    Northern Sector Southern Sector
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    -- Zone C - Security Organization --

    • Only the Multinational Force and Observers and Egyptian police are stationed in Zone C except for an area in the north along the border in the Rafah region where a designated force of Egyptian Border Guards is present following an agreement between Egypt and Israel signed in 2005. Click here for more information on the MFO's mission.
    • The Egyptian civil police armed with light weapons will perform normal police functions within this Zone.
    • The Multinational Force and Observers will be deployed within the Zone and perform its functions.

    Air Regime

    The Egyptian civil police may be equipped with unarmed police helicopters to perform normal police functions in the Zone.

    Naval Regime

    Egyptian civil police equipped with light boats, lightly armed, shall perform normal police functions within the territorial waters of Zone C.

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    -- Zone D - Security Organization --

    In this Zone there will be an Israeli limited force of four infantry battalions, their military installations and field fortifications, and the Multinational Force and Observers.

    The Israeli Force in this Zone will not include tanks, artillery and antiaircraft missiles except individual surface-to-air missiles.

    The main elements of the four Israeli infantry battalions will consist of up to 180 armored personnel vehicles of all types and up to a total of four thousand personnel.

    Aerial Regime

    Flights of combat aircraft and reconnaissance flights of Israel shall take place only over this Zone.

    Only unarmed, non-combat aircraft of Israel will be stationed in the Zone.

    Naval Regime

    Israel may base and operate naval vessels along the coasts of the Zone.

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    -- Zone C --

    Border Guard Force Area of Operations (BGF AO)

    Under Agreed Arrangements signed on 01 September 2005 and as amended on 11 July 2007, the MFO is responsible for:

    • Monitoring the deployment of a designated Egyptian Border Guard Force along the Egyptian side of the border between Egypt and Gaza, in the northernmost part of Zone C;
    • Verifying that the deployment is consistent with the terms agreed between Egypt and Israel, including the number, characteristics and location of personnel, weapons, equipment and infrastructure of the Border Guard Force;
    • Maintaining permanent, temporary and mobile sites in the area in which the Border Guard Force is deployed.

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    -- Zone C --

    The MFO's Northern Sector – FIJIBATT

    The Fijian Battalion (FIJIBATT) area of operations is in the northern sector of Zone C which encompasses the Border Guard Force Area of Operations and major border crossings at Rafah, Kerem Shalom and el Awga/Nizzana.  The Battalion is composed of three rifle companies and a headquarters company.  It has responsibility for five Checkpoints, four Observation Posts (TOPs), and two Temporary Observation Posts manned 24 hours a day and other TOPs manned during the hours of daylight.  In addition, FIJIBATT provides escort and patrols within and outside its sector and also maintains a Quick Reaction Force at North Camp to react to emergency situations occurring within their area of operations.

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    -- Zone C --

    The MFO's Southern Sector –USBATT

    The United States Battalion (USBATT) is responsible for the MFO's operations within the Southern Sector of Zone C and the operation and security of MFO's South Camp.  The Battalion is composed of four rifle companies and a headquarters company. USBATT staffs five Checkpoints and six Observation Posts and at South Camp provides perimeter security in addition to operating the entry control point and providing the Quick Reaction Force.

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    MFO Headquarters Rome

    • The Director General and his staff are based at the MFO's Headquarters in Rome. The highly specialized 24-person staff (thirteen international Direct Hire Civilians and eleven national administrative and technical staff) supports the Director General in his responsibility for direction of the MFO and for determining the MFO's policies, programs and budget.
    • Several key programs and activities are centrally managed at the Headquarters, including international civilian staff recruitment and administration, troop rotations, management review, accounting and external audits, participation and donor agreements and related financial arrangements, litigation and claims, and commercial insurance.
    • The Headquarters maintains regular contact with Supporting State embassies, the Italian Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Defense, the Italian Navy, the U.S. State Department, the U.S. Department of Defense and certain U.S. military commands.
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    MFO Israel

    • Overseen by the Director General's Representative in Israel, this office deals with the Government of Israel on policy matters and conducts liaison with the embassies of MFO Participating and Donor States. The Director General's Representative in Israel is supported in these efforts by an experienced local staff.
    • MFO Israel supports the Force in procurement, shipping and transportation, liaison, personnel movements and disbursements. The office also provides other significant services such as dealing with press interest in the MFO and coordinating with customs, police, airport and other authorities on routine, day-to-day business.
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    MFO Forward Operating Base North (FOB-N)

    The MFO's FOB-N is located at el Gorah in the northern Sinai, approximately 20 kilometers south of the Mediterranean coastline. It provides tactical and logistical support for MFO activities in the northern sector of Zone C.

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    MFO Cairo

    • Overseen by the Director General's Representative in Cairo, this office deals with the Egyptian Government concerning areas of MFO policy and practical interest, including political and military matters, treaty issues, finance, security, utilities, customs and immigration. The office also liaises with the local embassies of MFO's Participating and Donor States and serves as a contact for local press.
    • Staffed by experienced local and international staff, MFO Cairo procures a wide variety of goods and services in the Egyptian marketplace to meet the MFO's needs and to keep the Force in the Sinai supplied. It manages the necessary associated transportation, warehousing, banking, and financial disbursements, and it also assists with MFO personnel and goods movements through Cairo.
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    Coastal Patrol Unit (CPU)

    The MFO's CPU, supplied by Italy, ensures freedom of maritime navigation through the Strait of Tiran. Stationed at the port of Sharm el Sheikh near South Camp, the Unit currently consists of three patrol ships, their crews, a support element and a marine detachment to enhance CPU security.

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    MFO South Camp

    The MFO's South Camp, near Sharm el Sheikh on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula, serves as the base for operations in the southern sector of Zone C and the site of the Force Commander's Headquarters.

    Cairo
    Tel Aviv

    FOB-N

    El Gorah

    South Camp

    Sharm El Sheik
    CPU
    ZONES
    zone A A
    zone B B
    zone C C
    zone D D
    BGF AO
    Egypt
    Israel